HomeBusinessDividend franking: What is it and how does it work?

Dividend franking: What is it and how does it work?

In Australia, there are two sorts of dividend franking: franked and unfranked. Dividend franking are those that are tax-free. When it comes to your take-home pay, the sort of product you hold might make a significant difference in how much money you get.

However, what exactly is a dividend franking? With this straightforward guide, you’ll learn all you need to know. We’ll go through completely franked and partly franked products in the discussion below.

What Exactly Is a Dividend Franking?

Dividend franking are categorized into two: Franked and unfranked products. One type of product is known as a “franked dividend.” This type of product has a tax break attached to it. It’s called an “unfranked dividend” when it doesn’t get you a tax break for it. Why are dividend franking eligible for tax credits when unfranked ones are not?

To be honest, it’s not that difficult. Profits are taxed on a yearly basis by corporations. In most cases, the tax rate is set at 30%. Profits after taxes are then used to provide a payout to shareholders. In the pre-franking system, these items were taxed twice – once by the corporation, and again by the shareholders – since these represent taxable income for the shareholders. In other words, the federal government was “doing both.”

As a result, the Imputation System was followed by the introduction of franking credits in 1987. Australian tax authorities transfer a personal tax credit (referred to as a franking credit) onto shareholders if the business has already paid tax on its revenue.

So, what exactly are unfranked products, and how are they calculated? Perhaps a portion of the company’s earnings was exempt from taxation. For instance, if the firm sold a tax-exempt asset, this may have occurred. There would be no franking credit on the product in this situation.


In a nutshell, dividend franking is what they sound like. Let’s take a closer look at how dividend franking operates in practice.

How Do Dividend Franking Work?

Let’s take a closer look at how dividend franking really functions now that you’ve learned more about them. You’ll need to include both the product and the franking credit when you file your taxes.

These are basically tax-free if your tax rate is 30 percent (the same as the company’s tax rate). However, if you have a 40% personal tax rate, you will pay 10% on profits (after subtracting the 30 percent franking credit).

Even though franked products may seem sophisticated at first glance, the process is really rather simple. An accountant may manage your taxes for you if you don’t feel competent enough to handle franked products on your own.

Fully Franked Products vs. Partially Franked Products

Payouts that are either entirely or partly franked are known as “full franked” products.

The level of tax paid by a firm determines whether or not a product is completely or partly franked. Tax has already been paid by the company on a fully franked product before the shareholder receives their payout. However, if it’s a partly franked product, 30% of the payout has already been taxed before it is received, but not all of it

The corporation has already paid 90% of the tax on a partly franked product, which is commonly stated as a percentage (at the 30 percent flat tax rate). In spite of this, the corporation has yet to pay tax on the remaining 20%.

The Takeaways

Imputation utilizes franking credits to reduce or eliminate double taxation on a product. Only the payout component of the product may be taxed, and the franking credit can be included in the shareholder’s income. Only the difference between a shareholder’s marginal tax rate and the corporation tax rate will be taxed.

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