At present, Thailand’s electricity demand increases by about 1,200 megawatts per year, so it is necessary to build new power plants. And the new power plant that will be built should not be a gas-fired power plant. because at this time power plants are using natural gas Up to 70 percent already.
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Therefore, in order to reduce the risk of excessive dependence on natural gas fuel in the production of electricity in the PDP 2012-2035, a clean coal-fired power plant is required. and nuclear power plants. But after the incident at the Fukushima power plant in Japan exploded The government has a policy to postpone nuclear power plant plans indefinitely. But building new coal plants is not easy. because of the opposition of the public about the emission of a large amount of pollution The way that can be done at this time is
1) Campaign for economical and efficient use of electricity.
2) Development of existing main fuel power plants
3) Build a renewable energy power plant
4) Electricity purchase from neighboring countries
But the four approaches mentioned above are immediate solutions. A sustainable solution in this regard would be to raise this matter to the national agenda by seeking a “middleman”, which is accepted by all sectors, to be the chairman of the committee. which contains elements such as from relevant government agencies, industry and commerce, academics, civil society, representatives, villagers and the media, etc., to exchange ideas and options based on facts and possibilities in order to obtain appropriate solutions for the greatest benefit of the nation. and can be accepted by all parties by communicating the operation information to the public for society to be aware Stay informed and participate periodically. To lead to solving this great problem with people from all sectors participating Adapted from an article by Pongdit Potchana on the Electricity Generating Authority of Thailand website.
Power shortages are one of the country’s major problems as demand continues to grow. This is caused by the increase in the world’s population And everyone is using more facilities. In addition, the general public still does not know the various energy sources that we are currently using. It has an expiration date. Causing many people to use energy lavishly and not know the value of energy, how difficult it is to get it and how it affects They just want their own comfort. Although at this time we have not yet encountered a true energy crisis. But we have to waste a lot of money to buy energy fuel. Therefore, it is one of the important problems that should be prevented and solved. for energy supply security And the solution to this problem is There needs to be more support for the use of renewable energy.
In the early days of human energy Human beings mainly used renewable energy. Later, we met with energy sources that are exhausted, such as coal, oil, natural gas, but with human energy needs increasing exponentially, human beings are currently experiencing energy shortages in the near future. Think about what would happen if humans ran out of energy. We’re going to have a hard time living together. If no power source is available Energy is essential for everyone’s sustenance. Whether rich or poor whether in the city or in the countryside Whether in a condominium in the middle of the city or in a cottage at the end of the field Our duty is to provide energy sources that are sufficient to meet demand, cheap, of good quality and with little pollution. It is the responsibility of the state, which is the Ministry of Energy.
The important remaining fossil energy sources that will continue to be used for a short time are as follows:
power reserves in Thailand
1) Oil 41 years
2) Natural gas 68 years
3) 150 years of coal
global energy reserves
1) Oil 5 years
2) Natural gas 10 years
3) Coal 60 years
***These numbers are subject to change. If additional sources of oil or natural gas are found
oil reserves will have the shortest period of less than 50 years, followed by natural gas and coal with reserves of no more than 100 years and 200 years, respectively. Therefore, it is necessary that each region of the world has to act continually while finding other alternative energy is something that must be done in parallel. To be able to replace the use of fossil fuels in the future
Currently, energy shortage is one of the major problems in almost every country in the world that consumes a lot of energy. Which is the opposite of population growth and energy demand for energy supply security. Therefore, it is necessary to find alternative energy to replace it.
When we know that non-renewable energy sources are running out in the world. So we need to save energy. and use energy for maximum benefit and turn back to more renewable energy
In addition to the shortage of fossil energy sources. The greenhouse gas problem is another big problem. That needs to be corrected because fossil fuels (coal oil and natural gas) have an important component that is carbon (C) and when burned will produce carbon dioxide (CO2) that causes global warming problems. And cause global warming and many other problems.
How many more years of crude oil can be used in Thailand?
10 years ago, they said that there were 40 years of crude oil left. Nowadays, they say that there are about 40 years left. How many more years of crude oil are there?
Answer: because of the number of years that the remaining oil can be used It is obtained by dividing the proved crude oil reserves by the annual crude production rate. When a new source of crude oil is discovered, it will have to be recalculated. The stated value can therefore be changed able to change .